Hurricane Education
Coastal Processes & Hazards - News

Hurricane Education Resources: Contents ...
Sea Grant Press Releases/News | Agency and Organization Links | Tips

Sea Grant Press Releases/News back to top

For NYSG's full news archives on hurricanes, click here.

Coastal Storms Awareness Program
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s $1.4M "Coastal Storm Awareness Program" (CSAP) is a multi-year partnership with Sea Grant programs in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut that is intended to raise awareness of how severe weather is communicated to and within communities. Below are updates on several of the 10 funded projects, several of which are administered by each of the three Sea Grant programs. Additional information on CSAP can be found at

Hurricane Resources: Agency and Organization Links back to top

NOAA and New York Sea Grant's Related News Archives back to top

NYSG: News Archives - Coastal Processes & Hazards

NYSG: More on "Hazard Resilience in Coastal Communities"

NOAA and Sea Grant Remind Beachgoers About Rip Currents

NOAA and New York Sea Grant's Related News Archives and Web Sites back to top

NOAA Research's "What's New in Hurricane Research" Resources

NOAA's National Weather Service

NOAA National Weather Service's "Weather Ready Nation" Resources

NOAA National Weather Service's "National Hurricane Center"

NOAA "Storm Surge and Coastal Inundation" Resources

NOAAWatch - NOAA's All Hazard Monitoring Web Site

The Science: NOAA, NASA, SBU, Others

NOAA: Hurricane Resources

NOAA: Hurricane Basics

NOAA - National Hurricane Center:
Hurricane Preparedness

NOAA: Storm Surge Basics (pdf)

NOAA - National Hurricane Center:
Storm Surge Overview

NOAA - Coastal Services Center:
Historical Hurricane Tracks

NOAA - National Weather Service

NOAA - National Weather Service: Hurricane Names

NOAA - Ocean Service: Online Hurricane Tools

NOAA: StormSmart Coasts | Connect
"Coasts" IDs what can be done before, during, and after a storm to enhance community resilience ... "Connect" provides a venue for real-time collaboration, allowing users to share documents and expertise

NASA Hurricane Resources

National Sea Grant's Resilience Toolkit

FEMA's Region II Coastal Analysis & Mapping

Stony Brook University School of Marine and
Atmospheric Science's Storm Center

Stony Brook Storm Surge Research Group
Overview | Project Web site

Blog: Philip Orton, Stevens Institute -
Sea and Sky NY

The Weather Channel

Other Sea Grant Resources

Louisiana Sea Grant: Hurricane Resources

Connecticut Sea Grant: Hurricane Checklist (pdf)

Connecticut Sea Grant: Hurricane Sandy Aftermath
(November 2012)

Maine Sea Grant: Property Owner's Guide to Managing
Flooding, Erosion & Other Coastal Hazards

For Teachers, Students, Kids, Others

NOAA - Education Resources: Hurricanes

NOAA: Lesson Plans: Hurricanes (pdf)

NOAA - Ocean Service: Hurricanes (Grades 9-12)

NOAA - Ocean Service: Storm Watch Lesson Plan

National Science Foundation: Hurricanes -
Science and Society

National Science Teachers Association: Storms
(Grades K-4)

National Science Teachers Association: Hurricanes
(Grades 5-8)
How You Can Help

Long Island Volunteer Center

New York City Service - Volunteer

Emergency Preparedness & Disaster Relief

Federal Emergency Management Agency

FEMA - Access to Disaster Help and Resources

FEMA - What to Do After A Home Fire

National Hurricane Center

USDA - National Institutes of Food and Agriculture
Where to find up-to-date information on Hurricane Sandy
(November 2012)

Cornell University: Disaster Relief and Outreach

Cornell University Cooperative Extension:
Disaster Education Network

CCE NY EDEN: Hurricane Sandy (November 2012)

EPA: Hurricane Sandy Response and Recovery Locate Local Emergency Management Offices

American Red Cross

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

NYS Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services

BoatUS Hurricane Resource Center

Preparing Your Boat For a Hurricane (Florida Sea Grant)

Your Disaster Survival Checklist & Kit (pdf) (Connecticut Sea Grant)

Critical Cleanup Tips for Homeowners, Renters and Businesses Dealing with Flooding (November 2012) (pdf)

Long Island Exchange: Valuable Resources to Help Residents Recover Safely from Hurricane Sandy (November 2012)

North Dakota State University: Flood Information

Hurricane Digital Memory Bank

More For Teachers, Students, Kids, Others

The BRIDGE: Haunted by Hurricanes

The BRIDGE: Hurricanes!

The BRIDGE: Without an Ark

Virtual Hurricane Classroom

Wetlands and Hurricanes

TeacherVision: Hurricane Resources

Sesame Street: Friends Care (pdf)
Topical activities for kids, tips for parents and caregivers

What Animals Do Before a Hurricane (pdf)

Electricity Emergency Preparedness for Senior Citizens and their Caretakers


Related Tips: Hurricane Education back to top

Hurricanes are severe tropical storms that form in the southern Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and in the eastern Pacific Ocean.  People who live in hurricane prone communities should know their vulnerability, and what actions should be taken to reduce the effects of these devastating storms.

The key point is simple: plan accordingly and plan ahead. Here are some steps you can take to protect your family, property or business:

Step 1: Build A Kit / "To-Go Bag"

Get an Emergency Supply Kit, which includes items like non-perishable food (eg., canned food and manual can opener), water (at least three gallons of water per person), a battery-powered or hand-crank radio, extra flashlights and batteries, first aid kit and essential medications. Other supplies to have on-hand include protective clothing, rain gear, and bedding or sleeping bags. You may also want to prepare a portable kit and keep it in your car in case you are told to evacuate. For more details on the preparing the kit, go to

Step 2: Prepare yourself, your family, business, property

Make a Family Emergency Plan. Your family may not be together when disaster strikes, so it is important to know how you will contact one another, how you will get back together and what you will do in case of an emergency.

Businesses have a critical role in preparedness. Putting a disaster plan in motion now will improve the likelihood that your company will survive and recover.

Hurricanes cause heavy rains that can cause extensive flood damage in coastal and inland areas. Everyone is at risk and should consider flood insurance protection. Flood insurance is the only way to financially protect your property or business from flood damage.  To learn more about your flooding risk and how to protect yourself and your business, visit the National Flood Insurance Program Web site, or call 1-800-427-2419.

In addition to insurance, you can also:

  • Prepare to cover all windows of your home. If shutters have not been installed, use precut plywood to protect your windows from high winds. Note: Tape does not prevent windows from breaking, so taping windows is not recommended.

  • Plan to bring in all lawn furniture, outdoor decorations or ornaments, trash cans, hanging plants, and anything else not tied down that can be picked up by the wind.

  • Keep all trees and shrubs well trimmed so they are more wind resistant.

  • Secure your home by closing shutters, and securing outdoor objects or bringing them inside.

  • Turn off utilities as instructed. Otherwise, turn the refrigerator thermostat to its coldest setting and keep its doors closed.

  • Turn off propane tanks.

  • Install a generator for emergencies.
  • Reinforce your garage doors; if wind enters a garage, it can cause dangerous and expensive structural damage.

  • Ensure a supply of water for sanitary purposes such as cleaning and flushing toilets. Fill the bathtub and other large containers with water.

  • Find out how to keep food safe during and after and emergency by visiting

Step 3: Be Informed

Hurricane hazards come in many forms: lightning, tornadoes, flooding, storm surge, high winds, even landslides or mudslides can be triggered in mountainous regions.  In addition to being a danger to humans and animals, these storms can create coastal inundation events. For more on coastal flooding, which is by far the leading killer during a hurricane, see NOAA's Storm Surge and Coastal Inundation Web site.

Look carefully at the safety actions associated with each type of hurricane hazard and prepare your family disaster plan accordingly. But remember this is only a guide. The first and most important thing anyone should do when facing a hurricane threat is to use common sense.

Familiarize yourself with the terms that are used to identify a hurricane.

A hurricane watch means a hurricane is possible in your area. Be prepared to evacuate. Monitor local radio and television news outlets or listen to NOAA Weather Radio for the latest developments.

A hurricane warning is when a hurricane is expected in your area. If local authorities advise you to evacuate, leave immediately.

Hurricanes are classified into five categories based on their wind speed, central pressure, and damage potential. Category Three and higher hurricanes are considered major hurricanes, though Categories One and Two are still extremely dangerous and warrant your full attention.

Some other tips to keep in mind:

(1) If you live down by the water, be mindful of the possibility of a voluntary/mandatory evacuation.

(2) Keep your cell phone fully charged.

(3) Fill your car's gas tank.

(4) Don't schedule things so that you might have to drive during a hurricane. This could be illegal and it will be dangerous.

(5) Unless you have a good garage to put your car(s) in,  remember all those pictures we see of tree-crushed cars in the aftermath of a storm, and find an open space away from tall trees to put your car during the storm. If wind reach more than 70 mph, it can be very difficult to stay on your feet or walk any distanced.  

(6) If at some point there is a need for you to evacuate, remember to take your "to go bag" items as well as car keys and maps and documents, including driver’s license, Social Security card, proof of residence, insurance policies, wills, deeds, birth and marriage certificates, tax records, etc.

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