Related Resources: Sea Grant and Hurricane Education
Sea Grant Press Releases/News back to top
Sandy: Science Behind the Storm, Two Years Later
Late October 2014 marked the two-year anniversary of Superstorm Sandy’s
landfall in the Metro NY region. Since then, there have been many
positions taken by researchers and decision-makers alike on which
management response route New York should take: one of resistance
(precaution and prevention), resilience (bringing our communities back
to their pre-storm state) or re-alignment (evolve and reconfigure what,
how and when to rebuild).
"I cannot tell you when the next big one will be, but it will come,"
says NYSG-funded Stony Brook University storm surge expert Dr. Malcolm
Bowman. "It's inevitable in the long term. And the sooner we come to
that realization, the better."
Coastal Storms Awareness Program
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s $1.4M
"Coastal Storm Awareness Program" (CSAP) is a multi-year partnership
with Sea Grant programs in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut that is
intended to raise awareness of how severe weather is communicated to and
within communities. Below are updates on several of the 10 funded
projects, several of which are administered by each of the three Sea
Grant programs. Additional information on CSAP can be found at www.nyseagrant.org/csap.
WWWhat's Trending: Be Weather-Ready, Year-Round
Whether the weather calls for rain, snow, strong winds or something else
severe, one thing is for sure: Winging it is not an option. Here's what
you need to know about these and other seasonal concerns from NOAA, Sea
Grant, the National Weather Service, the Federal Emergency Management
Agency and others.
Social Science & Severe Weather: Evaluating NOAA's Impact-based Warning Tool
As featured on the National Sea Grant Office's Web site, NYSG's
Associate Director Dr. Kathy
Bunting-Howarth is one of four social scientists from the Great Lakes
Social Science Network who evaluated the effectiveness of some warnings
put out by the National Weather Service. “Understanding how to best
communicate about severe weather is
imperative," says Bunting-Howarth.
Sea Grant Extension Exchange Offers Insights into Storm Recovery
More than two years after Hurricane Sandy made landfall in the
northeast, the Sea Grant programs in New Jersey, New York and
Connecticut are still dealing with storm recovery issues. Louisiana Sea
whose specialists helped their communities in the aftermath of severe storms including Katrina and Rita—
lend a helping hand.
Sea Grant Extension Exchange Offers Insights into Storm Recovery
MWA's Annual Conference: Rebuilding NYC's Waterfront in the Wake of Severe Storms
The focus of this Spring 2014 conference was on grassroots,
community-based waterfront plans developed before and after Superstorm
Sandy. As panelists and the hundreds of attendees alike asked during the
day-long discussion sessions, we've surely done great planning, but are
we doing enough to get the job done?
Communications is Key to Hurricane Preparedness
Atlantic Hurricane Season began June 1 and, as documented by
National Sea Grant Office 2014 Knauss Fellow Elizabeth Bevand, Sea Grant
is helping communities throughout the U.S. prepare for hurricanes for
the short and long term. Also, NYSG's Web Content Manager Paul C.
Focazio is profiled by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration's National Sea Grant College Program about what everyone
needs to know about preparing for a hurricane as well as how he got
hooked on science communications and how others in or considering the
field might sharpen their skills.
NOAA and Sea Grant Issue 2014 Atlantic Hurricane Season Outlook in NYC
What was the outlook for the 2014 Atlantic hurricane
season? That was the
topic of discussion at a news conference held at the New York City
Office of Emergency Management in Brooklyn on Thursday, May
22. Also, New York Sea Grant joins other Great Lakes Sea Grant
programs in a social science study to help evaluate more effective
Researchers Convene in NYC to Discuss Improving Community Awareness on Coastal Storms
The Cornell Chronicle
, Syracuse's Post Standard
string of newspapers, including New York's Newsday
, are just some of the
media outlets giving attention to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA)'s $1.4M "Coastal Storm Awareness Program" (CSAP).
This multi-year effort—a partnership between NOAA and Sea Grant
programs in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut—is intended to raise
awareness of how severe weather is communicated to and within
Sandy's Harsh Legacy: NYSG Helps New Yorkers Understand and Mitigate Its Impacts
In Sandy’s wake, New York Sea Grant surveyed 250
marinas feeling $85 million in economic impacts, tracked the fate of
nitrogen inputs to salt marsh ecosystem following sewage treatment
failure, and monitored the growth of Fire Island breach.
Weathering the Next Big Storm (March 2014)
This Stony Brook Magazine feature examines the efforts of
the often-New York Sea Grant-funded Stony Brook's Storm Surge Research
Group, whose members offer a bold plan to protect New York City.
NYSG to Receive Nearly $2.4 M for Coastal Research and Outreach (March 2014)
NOAA Provides Future Flood Zones for New York City
This collection of new research and outreach - powered by nearly $2.4
million from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration -
addresses storm hazards, climate change, fisheries health, hypoxia and
harmful algal blooms.
Since 2010, Stony Brook University (SBU) School of Marine and
Atmospheric Sciences (SoMAS) oceanographer Malcolm Bowman, a long-time
NYSG-funded researcher, has served on the New York Panel Climate Change
and co-authored the recently released, related report.
New York Sea Grant Joins NOAA and NWS in Support of 2014's National Severe Weather Preparedness Week
Highlighting NYSG's recent round of research and education to raise awareness of severe storms like Superstorm Sandy.
NOAA and Sea Grant Announce Projects for $1.4M Coastal Storm Awareness Program
Sea Grant programs in NJ, NY and CT award $1.4M in funds for 10 projects to improve hazard warnings for tri-state residents.
Stony Brook University Researcher Malcolm Bowman vs. The Storms
As declared by The Village Times Herald
, a weekly newspaper
published on Long Island's north shore, Bowman was named a "Man of the
Year" for raising awareness of coastal storm dangers. A summary of other
topical media discussions with the likes of NBC Nightly News with Brian
Williams, the BBC, and journalist Dan Rather is also included.
Superstorm Sandy: One Year Later - NOAA and Sea Grant's Response
For seven days in the Fall of 2012, Hurricane Sandy pounded the
Caribbean and U.S. East Coast with punishing rain, wind, and waves. As
the storm approached landfall, the National Hurricane Center renamed the
hurricane "Post-Tropical Cyclone Sandy." But to those whose lives were
devastated -- it will always be remembered as Superstorm Sandy.
NOAA and Sea Grant Fund a New Coastal Storm Awareness Program
- NOAA, Sea Grant Programs Post-Sandy Step-Up: Press Briefing, Conference Educate on Coastal Storms
At a November 2013 NOAA Coastal Storms Press Briefing in Washington,
D.C., NYSG’s Coastal Processes Specialist Jay Tanski offered a
perspective on how to implement NOAA-wide initiatives at the local
level. As documented in several video clips from Portland, Maine's ABC,
CBS and NBC affiliates, Tanski was also a speaker at mid-July 2013's
Maine Sea Grant-hosted event Beaches Conference, where over 200+
attendees engaged in post-Superstorm Sandy discussions, among other
- NOAA Announces Sea Grant's Coastal Storm Awareness Program
As discussed by Peyton Robertson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration's Chair of Sandy Assessment Team via Federal News Radio,
Sea Grant programs in New Jersey, New York and Connecticut are
administering a new $1.8M NOAA-funded Coastal Storm Awareness Program.
The funded projects will examine how people react to storm warnings and
how to best communicate this information to communities and its
- On Blog: Can Salt Marshes Handle Effluent From a Failed Sewage Treatment Plant?
New York Sea Grant funded research to measure if the ecosystem could
handle the additional sewage and increase its capacity to serve as a
“nutrient sink,” or if the enhanced nutrient loads would shift the
ecosystem to an alternative state that perpetuates additional organic
- On Blog, On YouTube: Superstorm Sandy: One Year Later - Long Island Breach
In late October 2012, Hurricane Sandy split Fire Island, New York
into two islands, creating a new inlet to the bay behind it. As seen in a
video clip from National Geographic and documented in a photo journal
blog, NYSG-funded scientists explain why monitoring the breach is
important, as its evolution will affect the tidal dynamics and the
ecosystem of the Long Island's eastern Great South Bay.
- National Geographic: Rising Seas
In September 2013, National Geographic
placed a spotlight on climate change in its extensive feature story,
"Rising Seas," which focused on a central series of concepts: As the
planet warms, the sea rises. Coastlines flood. What will we protect?
What will we abandon? How will we face the danger of rising seas?
- On YouTube: Documentary - Superstorm Sandy
documentary short “Sandy’s Hidden Damage” shows how the storm has
changed the city forever – and how experts' opinions on what will save
New York clash while some New Yorkers affected by Sandy feel left
- On Air: Burn - Rising Seas
This radio and Web series examines the causes and consequences of
sea level changes in south Florida, the Gulf Coast, New York City, and
Greenland, where ice-melt is going to make the world a very different
- On YouTube: Protecting The East Coast From Future Storms
a November 2013 interview with MyLITV, Dr. Malcolm Bowman explains what
U.S. East coast communities should do to prevent "Sandy-Like" damage.
Stony Brook University Researcher Malcolm Bowman vs. The Storms
As declared by The Village Times Herald, a weekly newspaper
published on Long Island's north shore, this Stony Brook University
researcher is a "Man of the Year" for raising awareness of dangers
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Sea Grant College Program announces the award of $1.8M in grants to Sea Grant programs in New Jersey, New York and Connecticut.
Superstorm Sandy Media Archive Featuring NYSG-Funded Researchers and Specialists
A comprehensive archive of media mentions and content from NYSG-funded
researchers and specialists on Fall 2012's Superstorm Sandy
Scientists Go ‘Social’ with Sandy, An Award-Winning Campaign
NYSG is awarded for the research-based content it provided via its Web
site, Facebook and Twitter before, during and after landfall of Sandy
late last October. NYSG's funded investigators continue to discuss the
storm in the media and at events well into Spring 2013.
NYSG Joins Some 600+ Attendees at MWA's Annual NYC Conference
As discussed on one of the panels during this day-long event, when
Superstorm Sandy hit in late October 2012, Stony Brook University
Oceanography professor and storm surge expert Malcolm Bowman, along with
investigator Brian Colle and others from the Storm Surge Research
Group, kept close tabs on the superstorm before, during and after
Currents E-Newsletter to Feature Update on Coastal Change Education Materials for Metro NY Area
Statue of Liberty to reopen July 4, 2013 for the first time since Superstorm Sandy
New York Sea Grant is a Force of Nature
hurricane season underway, NYSG offers a news archives and other
hurricane-related resources, as well as YouTube clips with the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's 2013 Atlantic hurricane season
predictions as well as the National Weather Services National Hurricane
Center's Hurricane Preparedness PSA series.
New York Sea Grant Responds to Superstorm Sandy
In the wake of Hurricane Sandy, New York Sea Grant has played a role in providing sound information to managers and stakeholders in a timely way. This is a sampling of how we're responding.
New York Sea Grant Provides $50K for Two Research Projects in Wake of Superstorm Sandy
In the aftermath of Superstorm Sandy, New York Sea Grant (NYSG) has responded by funding two new research projects on Long Island's South Shore valued at $50,000. These projects add to NYSG’s suite of research and outreach projects that address the state’s coastal hazards.
NOAA Programs, FEMA Educate During National Severe Weather Preparedness Week
you ready if severe weather strikes? To make certain that you do, the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Federal
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) have partnered again this year for
this campaign, encouraging people across the country to "Be a Force of
Nature" in their communities by preparing for severe weather and
informing others to do so as well.
Impacts of Barrier Island Breaches
Sandy caused a breach at Old Inlet, Fire Island. A New York Sea Grant
publication (funded by the National Park Service) examines the impacts
of barrier island breaches
WWWhat's Trending: Scientists Go ‘Social’ with Sandy
Before, during and after landfall of Sandy in late October, NYSG-funded
Stony Brook University School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences
researchers kept close tabs on the storm.
More Sandy-Related Video, Audio and Transcripts from Stony Brook University SoMAS Researchers
December 3, 2012: On YouTube: SoMAS Lecture - Storm Surge From Superstorm Sandy: Causes and Impacts
November 20, 2012: On YouTube: PBS News Hour - "Protecting NY From Future Superstorms as Sea Levels Rise"
November 12, 2012: On YouTube: Regional News Network - "After the Storm - Could All The Flooding Have Been Avoided?"
SBU Researcher To Appear in PBS/Nova Superstorm Sandy Documentary
In the News: Superstorm Sandy and the Discussion from SBU Experts that Followed
Transcripts, with video/audio, are available for the following media segments:
Stony Brook University Storm Surge Research Group Track Superstorm Sandy, Correct Inaccuracies
October 30, 2012: NBC News/Cosmic Blog - "NYC flood was foreseen: Now what?"
November 1, 2012: NBC News/Rock Center with Brian Williams - "Hurricane Sandy provides 'wake-up call' for cities at risk of flooding"
November 1, 2012: National Public Radio - "Protecting New York From Future Flooding"
November 2, 2012: ABC News - "Superstorm Sandy Spurs Talk of Sea Barrier for New York"
November 8, 2012: NPR On Point - "In the wake of Hurricane Sandy, New York looks at sea walls"
Also, check out May 2011's SBU Provost Lecture - Malcolm Bowman: Tsunami: Could It Happen To Us?
Hurricane Leslie Brings High Rip Current Risk Alert to NY's Ocean Beaches
Coastal Flooding Concerns in NYC Continues Discussion on Storm Surge Barriers
"Even as city officials earn high marks for environmental awareness,
critics say New York is moving too slowly to address the potential for
flooding that could paralyze transportation, cripple the low-lying
financial district and temporarily drive hundreds of thousands of people
from their homes."
Hurricane Isaac: NOAA Updates, Reflections on Irene and Katrina
NYSG dives into
Metropolitan Waterfront Alliance's City of Water Days; Provides
educational materials on rip currents, severe storms, and more
NOAA Predicts a Near-Normal 2012 Atlantic Hurricane Season
(May 2012) (pdf)
Update - August 9, 2012:
Changes from the pre-season outlook
issued on May 24th: This updated outlook differs from the May outlook in
that it calls for a higher likelihood of an above-normal season and a
reduced chance for a below-normal season. Also, the predicted range of
named storms has been shifted upward, and the range of hurricanes and
major hurricanes has been narrowed. More information at the NOAA's National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center Web Site
NOAA's 2012 National Hurricane Preparedness Week: May 27 - June 2
NOAA and FEMA's National Severe Weather Preparedness Week
NYSG-Funded Researcher on Concern Over Risk of Storm Surges in New York City
New York Times Blogs on NYSG-Funded SBU Researchers Tracking Hurricane Irene
National Sea Grant: Hazard Resilient Communities - Resources
(June 2011) (pdf)
Fighting Back the Waves in NYC
Stony Brook University Researcher Talks Sea Level Rise in NYC
The Quiet Before the Storm?
, Spring 2010)
Closing the Doors on Storm Surges
, Spring 2005) (pdf)
NOAA and New York Sea Grant's Related News Archives back to top
NYSG: News Archives - Coastal Processes & Hazards
NYSG: More on "Hazard Resilience in Coastal Communities"
NOAA and Sea Grant Remind Beachgoers About Rip Currents
NOAA and New York Sea Grant's Related News Archives and Web Sites back to top
NOAA Research's "What's New in Hurricane Research" Resources
NOAA's National Weather Service
NOAA National Weather Service's "Weather Ready Nation" Resources
NOAA National Weather Service's "National Hurricane Center"
NOAA "Storm Surge and Coastal Inundation" Resources
- NOAA's All Hazard Monitoring Web Site
Hurricane Resources: Agency and Organization Links back to top
Related Tips: Hurricane Education back to top
The Science: NOAA, NASA, SBU, Others
NOAA: Hurricane Resources
The BRIDGE: Haunted by Hurricanes
The BRIDGE: Hurricanes!
The BRIDGE: Without an Ark
Virtual Hurricane Classroom
Wetlands and Hurricanes
TeacherVision: Hurricane Resources
Sesame Street: Friends Care (pdf)
Topical activities for kids, tips for parents and caregivers
What Animals Do Before a Hurricane (pdf)
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
National Hurricane Center
Hurricanes are severe tropical storms that form in the southern Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and in the eastern Pacific Ocean. People who live in hurricane prone communities should know their vulnerability, and what actions should be taken to reduce the effects of these devastating storms.
The key point is simple: plan accordingly and plan ahead. Here are some steps you can take to protect your family, property or business:
Step 1: Build A Kit / "To-Go Bag"
Get an Emergency Supply Kit, which includes items like non-perishable food (eg., canned food and manual can opener), water (at least three gallons of water per person), a battery-powered or hand-crank radio, extra flashlights and batteries, first aid kit and essential medications. Other supplies to have on-hand include protective clothing, rain gear, and bedding or sleeping bags. You may also want to prepare a portable kit and keep it in your car in case you are told to evacuate. For more details on the preparing the kit, go to Ready.gov
Step 2: Prepare yourself, your family, business, property
Make a Family Emergency Plan. Your family may not be together when disaster strikes, so it is important to know how you will contact one another, how you will get back together and what you will do in case of an emergency.
Businesses have a critical role in preparedness. Putting a disaster plan in motion now will improve the likelihood that your company will survive and recover.
Hurricanes cause heavy rains that can cause extensive flood damage in coastal and inland areas. Everyone is at risk and should consider flood insurance protection. Flood insurance is the only way to financially protect your property or business from flood damage. To learn more about your flooding risk and how to protect yourself and your business, visit the National Flood Insurance Program Web site, www.floodsmart.gov
or call 1-800-427-2419.
In addition to insurance, you can also:
- Prepare to cover all windows of your home. If shutters have not been
installed, use precut plywood to protect your windows from high winds. Note: Tape does not
prevent windows from breaking, so taping windows is not recommended.
Plan to bring in all lawn furniture, outdoor decorations or ornaments, trash cans, hanging
plants, and anything else not tied down that can be picked up by the wind.
Keep all trees and shrubs well trimmed so they are more wind resistant.
Secure your home by closing shutters, and securing outdoor objects or bringing them inside.
Turn off utilities as instructed. Otherwise, turn the refrigerator thermostat to its coldest setting and keep its doors closed.
Turn off propane tanks.
Install a generator for emergencies.
Reinforce your garage doors; if wind enters a garage, it can cause dangerous and expensive structural damage.
Ensure a supply of water for sanitary purposes such as cleaning and flushing toilets. Fill the bathtub and other large containers with water.
Find out how to keep food safe during and after and emergency by visiting www.FoodSafety.gov.
Step 3: Be Informed
Hurricane hazards come in many forms: lightning, tornadoes, flooding, storm surge, high winds, even landslides or mudslides can be triggered in mountainous regions. In addition to being a danger to humans and animals, these storms can create coastal inundation events. For more on coastal flooding, which is by far the leading killer during a hurricane, see NOAA's Storm Surge and Coastal Inundation Web site
Look carefully at the safety actions associated with each type of hurricane hazard and prepare your family disaster plan accordingly. But remember this is only a guide. The first and most important thing anyone should do when facing a hurricane threat is to use common sense.
Familiarize yourself with the terms that are used to identify a hurricane.
A hurricane watch means a hurricane is possible in your area. Be prepared to evacuate. Monitor local radio and television news outlets or listen to NOAA Weather Radio
for the latest developments.
A hurricane warning is when a hurricane is expected in your area. If local authorities advise you to evacuate, leave immediately.
Hurricanes are classified into five categories based on their wind speed, central pressure, and damage potential. Category Three and higher hurricanes are considered major hurricanes, though Categories One and Two are still extremely dangerous and warrant your full attention.
Some other tips to keep in mind:
(1) If you live down by the water, be mindful of the possibility of a voluntary/mandatory evacuation.
(2) Keep your cell phone fully charged.
(3) Fill your car's gas tank.
(4) Don't schedule things so that you might have to drive during a hurricane. This could be illegal and it will be dangerous.
(5) Unless you have a good garage to put your car(s) in, remember all those pictures we see of tree-crushed cars in the aftermath of a storm, and find an open space away from tall trees to put your car during the storm. If wind reach more than 70 mph, it can be very difficult to stay on your feet or walk any distanced.
(6) If at some point there is a need for you to evacuate, remember to take your "to go bag" items as well as car keys and maps and documents, including driver’s license, Social Security card, proof of residence, insurance policies, wills, deeds, birth and marriage certificates, tax records, etc.